A Tentative List is an inventory of those properties which each State Party intends to consider for nomination.
States Parties are encouraged to submit their Tentative Lists, properties which they consider to be cultural and/or natural heritage of outstanding universal value and therefore suitable for inscription on the World Heritage List.
1- The historical center of the city of Batroun
Batroun is a city on the southern coast of Lebanon. Located approximately 54 km north of Beirut, it extends over a rocky promontory, with an area of 4.68km². This city has been continuously occupied from ancient bronze to the present day.
Indeed, the archaeological works which took place recently in the center of the old city of Batroun presented witnesses of the sedentarization and the continuity of civilizations since the age of the old bronze (third millennium).
2- Echmoun temple
The archaeological site of Echmoun is located on the south bank of the El Awwali river, in the village of Bqosta, 5 kilometers east of Saida, in the south of Lebanon. It covers an area of 3.6 hectares. The region is known as Boustan Ech Cheikh (notable’s gardens), a fertile valley known for citrus plantation.
It is a cult complex dedicated to the worship of the healing god Echmoun, identified with the Greek god Asclepius.
3- Set of historical monuments and natural sites of the village of Menjez
Menjez is a village located on the banks of the Nahr el-Kabir, on the northern border of Lebanon, 130 km from the capital Beirut. Since the crusaders the village bears the name of “Mont Guise” in the name of the Frankish family who built the monastery: Notre dame de la fortressesse. Another interpretation gives a Syriac origin to the name, Ngaz or Agnez which means to hide a treasure. Menjez harbors important archaeological remains, including a basilica and a fortress dating from the time of the Crusaders (the Felicium). Near the old franc castle, stands the only temple built with basalt stone in Lebanon, built near the source of Hajjoul, currently known as “Makam el-Rab” (the domain of God) .
4- Sacred Mount Hermon and its associated cultural monuments
The Mount Hermon is located in the south of Beqaa on the border between Syria and Lebanon, reachable from Rachaya, considered one of the most picturesque Lebanon’s town, where the citadel of independence and old souks date back to the 17th century.
The name Hermon is derived from the root ḥrm “sacred”, called also Jabal al-shaykh “mountain of the chief” (in Arabic), rises to 9,232 feet (2,814 metres) and is the highest point on the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea. This strategic mountain that has been a sacred landmark since the Bronze Age and was mentioned in the Epic of Gilgamesh. The first settlements date from 200 BC. It represents the northwestern limit of Israelite conquest under Moses and Joshua. It is also meant to be the place chosen by Jesus Christ for His Transfiguration.
5- The archaeological site of Nahr el-Kalb
The archaeological site of Nahr el Kalb is located 15km north of Beirut. It was classified by decrees No. 166 / LR November 1933 and N o 225 of 28 September 1934 on the national list of historical monuments. In 2005, this site was inscribed on the Memory of the World Register.
The Cape of Nahr el Kalb has been considered since antiquity as a natural obstacle on the Lebanese coast thus constituting a strategic point. Indeed, the difficulty of the passage will explain the presence of the first reliefs sculpted by the first conquerors in honor of their glory and in order to ensure their legitimacy of power. The repetition factor on this promontory continued until modern and contemporary times. These reliefs, beyond their historical context, provide data of values at the geomorphology, archeology and epigraphy level.
NB: Nahr el Kalb site is considered as a site in danger by the UNESCO because of the nearby construction site.
6- Historic Center of Saida
Located 40 km south of Beirut, Saida is the capital of southern Lebanon. The historic center of the city, limited to the north by the fishing port and to the south by the ancient tell, consists of a set of medieval and Ottoman monuments defended by two citadels, the castle of the sea and the castle of the earth .
7- The castles of Mount Amel: Qalaat Al Chakif (Beaufort castle), Qalaat Tibnin (Toron castle), Qalaat Chakra (Dubieh castle), Qalaat Deir kifa (Maron Castle), Burj Al Naqoura (Naqoura tower)
Qalaat Al Chakif (Beaufoert castle)
Qalaat Tibnin (Toron castle)
Qalaat Chakra (Dubieh castle)
Qalaat Deir kifa (Maron Castle)
These four castles represent one of the most significant examples illustrating the exchange of influences and documenting the evolution of fortified architecture in the Near East during the time of the Crusades (11th – 13th centuries) and they show a unique authentic record for the development of architecture for nearly nine centuries, since these sites were used until the end of 19th century.
Qalaat Al Chakif (Beaufort castle) was built by the King of Jerusalem around the 1137 A.D. With further construction by Ayyubid, the Mamluks and Al Saabi, the local feudal governors. In the meantime, it is one of the best-preserved examples of the medieval castles of the near east.
Qalaat Tibnin (the castle of Toron), Qalaat Chakra (the castle of Dubieh), and Qalaat Deir Kifa (Maron Castle), were built in early 12th century as part of the early crusades posts, and as Qalaat Al Chakif (Beaufort castle), they witnessed further construction by Ayyubids, Mamluks and the Al Asgheir, local feudal governors. Even though partly in ruins, they represent outstanding examples of medieval fortifications, both in terms of the quality of construction and the survival of historical stratigraphy. They also retain features from the Byzantine period to the late 19th century, with evidence from earlier periods down to the Bronze Age as is the case in Qalaat Tibnin.
8- The ancient city of Tripoli
Tripoli (in Arabic Tarablous) is a coastal city, located 85 km north of Beirut, it is the second city and the capital of northern Lebanon, with a surface of 65 ha.
The current old town dates back to Mamluk times. It was in 1289 that the Mamluk Sultan Qalaoun occupied it in turn and had the old city built at the foot of the Castle of St. Gilles. In the XIII th century Mameloukearde city still its importance and prosperity through the construction of many religious monuments, public infrastructure as souks, town houses, palaces, public schools (madrasah), baths (ha
9- The international Rachid Karameh fair in Tripoli-Lebanon
The Rachid Karameh International Fair in Tripoli was designed in 1962 by the Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer on a 70 hectare site located between the historic center of Tripoli and the Al Mina port.
The main building of the fair consists of a huge covered hall in the shape of a boomerang 750 meters long by 70 meters wide under which the different countries can freely set up their exhibition spaces.
The Rachid Karameh International Fair in Tripoli is a successful example of the architecture of the Modern Movement of the 20th century. Built in the capital of northern Lebanon, it was the flagship project of Lebanon’s modernization policy in the 1960s. By its scale and the richness of its formal expression, it constitutes one of the major works representative of modern architecture of the 20th century in the Arab Near East.
10- Ras al-Qalaat promontory / Ras Al Natour promontory / Ras el-Mlelih Promontory
Anfeh is on the coast of Northern Lebanon and is located 15 km south of Tripoli and 71 km north of Beirut. The town is extended to the west by a 400 meter promontory called Ras al-Qalaat, oriented on an east–west axis, to the North by Ras Al Natour promontory in Hraishi which is home to salt and olive fields and to the South by Ras el-Mlelih promontory home to the most ancient salt marshes which are natural cavities enlarged by humans throughout the centuries. The ponds also provide a productive resting and feeding ground for many species of water birds, which include endangered species.