Ephesus, was once, the trade centre of the ancient world, a religious centre of the early Christianity and today, Ephesus is an important tourism centre in Turkey. The ancient city Ephesus is located in Selcuk.
Ephesus is one of the largest Roman archaeological sites in the eastern Mediterranean. The visible ruins still give some idea of the city’s original splendour, and the names associated with the ruins are evocative of its former life.
The city was famed for the nearby Temple of Artemis (completed around 550 BC), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Among many other monumental buildings are the Library of Celsus, and a theatre capable of holding 25,000 spectators, the theatre is believed to be the largest in the ancient world.This open-air theatre was used initially for drama, but during later Roman times gladiatorial combats were also held on its stage.
Ephesus is believed to be the city of the Seven Sleepers. The story of the Seven Sleepers, who are considered saints and whose story is also mentioned in the Qur’an, tells that they were persecuted because of their monotheistic belief in God and that they slept in a cave near Ephesus for centuries.
The Library of Celsus, the façade of which has been carefully reconstructed from original pieces, was originally built c. 125 AD in memory of Celsus,an Ancient Greek who served as governor of Roman Asia (105–107) in the Roman Empire. Celsus paid for the construction of the library with his own personal wealth and is buried in a sarcophagus beneath it. The library once held nearly 12,000 scrolls. Designed with an exaggerated entrance — so as to enhance its perceived size, speculate many historians — the building faces east so that the reading rooms could make best use of the morning light.
Special thanks to MEA for inviting me on this trip and attending MEA Digital Event. It was an opportunity for me to visit the vibrant city of Izmir, historical Ephesus, House of Virgin Mary, beautiful village of Sirince, and finally Alacati Herb Festival.